The 2.4mR is a one-person keelboat that offers even the most accomplished competitive sailors a unique opportunity to test their sailing skills. As complex and challenging as an Etchell or a Dragon without the high maintenance costs or the need for crew, it can be used as a platform to further develop team and fleet racing.
The shape of the 2.4mR resembles that of larger boats that adhere to the metre rule, such as the 12-metre boat that was sailed at the America’s Cup and at the Olympics in the early days of yacht racing. First developed in Sweden at the beginning of the 1980s, there were initially several designs for the 2.4mR, one of which was by Peter Norlin. Norlin then created the MkII and MkIII. The Norlin MkIII proved to be versatile in all weather conditions, and as the build and design continued to be refined, it rapidly became the most commercially available 2.4mR.
All the commands are arrayed in front of the helmsperson, each trim control within easy reach. The sailor can steer using either hands or feet. The sailor’s weight being close to the centre of gravity, the size and fitness level of the sailor have a negligible impact on speed. In other words, the 2.4mR can be considered the most inclusive sailing boat available today, making all competitors virtually equal on the water regardless of their age, physical strength or gender. The great demands on him or her are entirely down to pure sailing skills, with an emphasis on strategy, sail trim and speed.
Thanks to its singular qualities, the 2.4mR quickly became one of the fastest-growing keelboat classes of all time. It attained international status in 1992, when annual World Championships began attracting large fleets of 2.4mR each year. When sailing became a full-medal sport at the Paralympics in 2000, the Norlin MkIII was selected as the single-handed class. The 2015 Open World Championship in Rauma, Finland attracted 102 competitors from 15 nations, including four competitors from Hong Kong for the first time ever.
The Hong Kong 2.4mR Class Association was set up to promote the expansion of 2.4mR racing locally and elevate the level of the fleet internationally. Nine boats were purchased by Sailability Hong Kong with the support of sponsors in the hope of qualifying Hong Kong for the 2016 Paralympics. Some of the boats are made available to all experienced sailors who wish to experience the unique qualities of the 2.4mR in racing.
如果能夠讓一位資深的船員盡情的去測試各種航行技術的船隻就非2. 4mR單人龍骨艇莫屬了. 作為團隊訓練或船隊賽之用, 以它擁有像ETCHELL或 DRAGON 之複雜又具挑戰之設計但又沒有其高昂的維修成本及更多的船員, 亦是相當適合.
在設計上它外形跟隨METER的規定就有如其較大的先輩; 曾用作美國杯及早期奥運比赛用的十二米船(12-Meter boat) . 最先在八十年代在瑞典研發時曾經有多個設計. 其中一位設計者是Peter Norlin. Norlin 的作品包括MKII及MKIII型號. 由於MKIII在各種天氣下都有良好表現, 再加上不斷的改良, 最後成為最多人選用的型號.
特別的是所有操控整齊排放在舵手的正前方、垂手可得。舵手也可選用手控或腳控掌舵。由於舵手的重量是非常靠近船的重心, 所以舵手的體形或體質狀態對船隻的速度影嚮甚微。亦因此2. 4mR可算是一隻不論男女、年齡、體能、健全与否的人都可公平競爭的赛艇。而比賽的重點更變得集中於船隻的操控技術、速度及策略方面。
有赖於其只需一人便可操控、2. 4mR很快的便成為廣受歡迎的龍骨船。在1992年及以後所舉辦的世界錦標賽、每年都吸引大批的2. 4mR赛手、從此殿定了它的國際地位。在2000年帆船成為殘奧項目時、MARKIII亦被選為單人赛艇项目。最近的2015年芬蘭Rauma舉辦的公開世界赛就吸引了102傷健赛手參加、其中包括4位來自香港的賽手。
香港2. 4mR會成立的目的是希望推廣本地及海外的2. 4mR的比賽及提昇比赛的水平。現時航能在贊助的支持下已購入了9隻船為爭取2016的殘奧名額努力。有興趣去體驗2. 4的獨特樂趣請聯絡本會租用。